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Verbes with direct object and/or indirect object (Explanation sheet)

May 05, 2017

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In this attached sheet, you will see that some French verbs are immediately followed by a complement (the COD), whereas some other verbs are indirectly followed by a complement, called the COI. Thanks to this explanation sheet, you will be able to better formulate your sentences when a verb is followed by a complement.


For the verbs followed by a direct object (COD), the action is directed on something or someone directly, without any intermediate word (there is no preposition between the noun and the verb):

- "acheter quelque chose" : "Il achète un livre" (the COD is "un livre")

- "remercier quelqu'un" : "Je remercie mes amis" (the COD is "mes amis")

- "aimer quelque chose" : "Nous aimons ce restaurant" (the COD is "ce restaurant")


For the verbs followed by an indirect object (COI), the action is directed on something or someone indirectly, with an intermediate word (there is a preposition between the noun and the verb) :

- "parler à quelqu'un" : "Tu parles à ton frère" (the COI is "à ton frère")

- "avoir envie de quelque chose" : "Elle a envie d'une glace" (the COI is "d'une glace")

- "penser à quelque chose" : "Vous pensez à votre voyage" (the COI is "à votre voyage")


The explanation sheet includes a wide variety of examples of verbs followed by a COD, a COI or both.


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